What Does GVWR Mean on a Truck?

When shopping for a new truck or trailer, you may have encountered the term “GVWR.” But what does GVWR mean? Moreover, why is it important to know your truck’s GVWR? In this article, we’ll answer these questions and more.


What is GVWR?

GVWR stands for “gross vehicle weight rating.” This is the maximum weight a vehicle can safely carry, including the weight of the vehicle itself, passengers, and cargo. The GVWR is typically listed in either pounds or kilograms.

What Does 7000 GVWR Mean on a Truck?

If you have a 7000 gross vehicle weight rating, you can’t have more than 7000 pounds in the vehicle. This includes the weight of the truck or trailer and any passengers or cargo you’re carrying. If you exceed the GVWR, you may be putting yourself and others at risk. That’s why it’s essential always to know your GVWR and make sure that you stay within its limits.

Is GVWR the Same as Towing Capacity?

No, GVWR and towing capacity are not the same. GVWR is the maximum weight capacity of a vehicle as specified by the manufacturer. This includes the weight of the vehicle itself, as well as any passengers or cargo that may be on board. Towing capacity refers to the maximum weight a vehicle can tow safely. This is often specified separately from the GVWR, as it can vary depending on the type and size of the trailer being towed.

What Does 10000 GVWR Mean on a Truck?

If a truck has a GVWR of 10,000 pounds and weighs 6,000 pounds empty, its payload capacity is 4,000. It can safely carry up to 4,000 pounds of passengers and cargo. Exceeding the GVWR can damage the truck and potentially endanger those inside. For this reason, it’s important always to know your truck’s GVWR and ensure not to exceed it.

Is GVWR the Same as Loaded Weight?

Though they may sound similar, a vehicle’s GVWR and loaded weight differ. A vehicle’s GVWR is the maximum amount of weight the vehicle can weigh when fully loaded with occupants and cargo. This includes the vehicle’s weight and any passengers or cargo that may be inside.

In contrast, a vehicle’s loaded weight is the total weight of all occupants and cargo. This does not include the weight of the vehicle itself. To calculate a vehicle’s payload rating, subtract its actual curb weight from its gross vehicle weight rating.

How Do I Know My Truck’s Towing Capacity?

When shopping for a new truck, knowing how much weight it can tow is essential. After all, you want to avoid getting stranded on the side of the road with a trailer that’s too heavy for your vehicle. The easiest way to determine your truck’s towing capacity is to consult your owner’s manual.

Alternatively, you can calculate it by subtracting your truck’s curb weight from its Gross Combined Vehicle Weight Rating (GCVWR). Remember that the GCVWR includes not only your loaded truck’s weight but also any attached trailer’s weight. Once you know your truck’s towing capacity, you can choose the right trailer for your next adventure.

What Is an Acceptable Trailer Tongue Weight?

The tongue weight should be 10-15% of the total loaded trailer weight for conventional trailers with ball-mounted hitches. It is essential to maintain this range to keep the trailer stable and prevent fishtailing while towing. To ensure your trailer’s tongue weight is within the acceptable range, follow these steps:

  1. Load the trailer with all the items you plan to tow.
  2. Attach the trailer to the tow vehicle.
  3. Sit in the driver’s seat and check whether the trailer feels balanced. Suppose it is difficult to control or too heavy on the tongue. In that case, the tongue weight is likely outside the acceptable range.
  4. Consult a professional or use a tongue weight scale to find the perfect balance.

Importance of Appropriate Tongue Weight

If the tongue weight is too light, the trailer may sway back and forth, making it dangerous to tow. On the other hand, an overweight tongue can also cause stability issues, leading to accidents. Therefore, it’s crucial to maintain an appropriate tongue weight to ensure a safe and comfortable journey.


To ensure safe towing, knowing your truck’s GVWR and tongue weight is essential. By following these guidelines, you can prevent damage to your vehicle, maintain stability while towing, and have an enjoyable journey. If you need clarification on your truck’s towing capacity, consult the owner’s manual or calculate it by subtracting the curb weight from the GCVWR.

About the author, Laurence Perkins

Laurence Perkins is the passionate car enthusiast behind the blog My Auto Machine. With over a decade of experience in the automotive industry, Perkins has knowledge and experience with a wide range of car makes and models. His particular interests lie in performance and modification, and his blog covers these topics in-depth. In addition to his own blog, Perkins is a respected voice in the automotive community and writes for various automotive publications. His insights and opinions on cars are highly sought-after.